What is Borderline Personality Disorder?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a condition characterized by an individual's inability to control their emotions, experience rapid mood swings, and have a lot of anger or anxiety. This often leads to unstable relationships and holding on to jobs which may eventually take up too much time. The sufferer also may engage in self-harming behaviors such as cutting or burning themselves.

The cause of Borderline Personality Disorder is not fully understood, but it is thought that genetics and environmental factors both play a part. BPD typically develops in early adulthood and has been shown to be more common in girls than boys. It can last for years or even decades, but many individuals with BPD don’t get treatment because they don’t know they have the condition, are unaware of the symptoms, or are afraid of being stigmatized by having the diagnosis known. But there is hope: There are ways to treat BPD and offer hope for those who suffer from it daily. Read on if you want to learn about this disorder further.

Warning signs of BPD

People with BPD often have intense, unstable relationships with others. They may go from idealizing or loving someone to feeling anger or dislike for them. These strong emotions can shift at any time.

Treatment options

Borderline Personality Disorder can be treated by medication and psychotherapy. Experts recommend long-term treatment rather than short-term interventions.

Psychotherapy is one option for treating BPD. It concentrates on helping the individual identify the patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that lead to problems. The therapist will teach new ways to think about situations, solve problems, and regulate emotions.

Another option is antidepressant medication, which can reduce depression or anxiety symptoms that may trigger BPD episodes. However, these medications don’t work for everyone who has BPD.

An additional treatment option is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). DBT reduces self-harming behaviors and negative emotions while teaching healthy coping skills for stressful events. This therapy involves weekly individual sessions with a therapist as well as group classes with other people who have the condition.


Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental illness that affects your mood and behavior. It is a chronic condition that lasts for many years, and it's common for people to have more than one diagnosis, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or substance abuse. It can be hard to get a diagnosis because there are no specific tests to determine the condition.

Some people may have BPD but never seek help. If you think you or someone you know may have BPD, it is important to speak with a mental health professional. Treatment options vary based on the severity of symptoms, but therapy and medication can provide relief from symptoms and help manage the illness.

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