How are bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder similar, different, or overlapping? What treatment options exist for the two disorders? What drugs treat each of these conditions specifically?
Bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder are both mental illnesses, but the symptoms of the two disorders are very different. Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood swings which can last for weeks or months at a time. Borderline personality disorder is more about instability, with moods that change rapidly throughout the day.
Bipolar disorder is diagnosed when cycles of high and low moods last for longer periods of time--most people experience bipolar I, II, or NOS (not otherwise specified). Borderline personality disorder is more about how quickly your mood can change--most people experience borderline type I, II, or III. The symptoms of borderline personality include frequent angry outbursts, impulsivity, self-injury, suicidal thoughts or behavior.
If you are experiencing one of these symptoms or both please seek help immediately!
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness that causes large and sudden mood swings. It can be hard to recognize the symptoms of bipolar disorder because they vary from person to person, but the most common signs are feeling sad or irritable for weeks at a time, not sleeping well, and having feelings of extreme highs (mania) and lows (depression).
What is Borderline Personality Disorder?
If you are experiencing the symptoms of borderline personality disorder, or BPD, then it can be hard to maintain relationships or hold down a job. The symptoms of BPD include impulsivity, angry outbursts, and suicidal thoughts.
BPD is often misdiagnosed as bipolar disorder because the symptoms are similar. One of the main differences between bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder is that the mood swings with bipolar disorder are more severe.
People who have BPD will experience drastic mood changes throughout the day, which seem to happen without any kind of trigger. When people experience these mood swings, they may lash out against friends or family members or even themselves by engaging in self-harmful behaviors like cutting their arms or overdosing on drugs.
The Differences Between Bipolar Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder
Bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder are both mental illnesses, but there are some key differences.
First of all, with bipolar disorder, mood swings last for weeks or months at a time. With borderline personality disorder, moods might change rapidly throughout the day.
Secondly, with bipolar disorder, people most often experience bipolar I, II, or NOS (not otherwise specified). With borderline personality disorder most people experience BPD type I, II, or III.
The symptoms of BPD include frequent angry outbursts, impulsivity, self-injury and suicidal thoughts or behavior. Whereas the symptoms of bipolar disorder include manic episodes and depressive episodes.
If you're experiencing one of these symptoms or both please seek help immediately!
One of the most common misconceptions is that Bipolar Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder are the same thing. The two disorders are not the same, but there are some similarities.
For example, they share three symptoms in common: manic episodes, depressive episodes, and anxiety. And both disorders are characterized by mood instability.
However, there are differences between the two. Bipolar disorder is characterized by manic episodes that last at least one week or longer, whereas borderline personality disorder is characterized by brief episodes of mania that last less than a week.
The symptoms associated with bipolar disorder are more likely to be severe than those associated with borderline personality disorder. And the symptoms of bipolar disorder usually appear earlier in life than those of borderline personality disorder.
Another difference is how they are treated. Bipolar disorder is treated with mood stabilizers and antipsychotic medications, whereas borderline personality disorder is treated with psychotherapy and sometimes medications.
However, the two disorders do share common symptoms, so it's important to know the differences before making assumptions about someone who has either disorder.